|Due to its special geographical location, Kohgiluyeh-Boyerahmad province has 2100 plant species, which includes 28% of the country's plant species. Of these, 425 species are medicinal plants, but in recent years, a significant part of these species have been endangered due to various reasons. In this review, investigation challenges, importance, functional aspects, and compounds of the medicinal plant Prangos ferulacea in Kohgiluyeh-Boyerahmad province were studied. In this review, the author searched the main related keywords of medicinal plants in main biological data centers e.g. Science Direct, Pubmed, and Google Scholar. According to the results of the researchers, among the species of medicinal plants exposed to damage and extinction in this province, the medicinal plant of Prangos ferulacea is one of the best pasture plants in Iran. Coumarins, flavonoids and phenols, and essential oil (α-pinene, β-pinene, and β-phlandrene) are among the identified components of the Prangos ferulacea plant. The amount of rainfall in different growth points of Prangos ferulacea varies between 500 and 900 mm. The germination time of Prangos ferulacea seeds is 7-25 days and the suitable temperature for germination is 18-25 degrees Celsius, the planting depth of this plant is one centimeter, and with a planting distance between and on the row of 50 x 50 cm. Prangos ferulacea plant has antimicrobial properties and is known as a strong detoxifier. For this reason, it is used in traditional medicine to treat kidney diseases, the nervous system, joint pain, bone tissue repair, epilepsy, bleeding, etc.